Pereskia bleo (rose cactus or seven star needle) was effective against five types of cancer: cervical, colon, liver, ovarian and uterine cancers. /Filter /DCTDecode Other Pereskia species grow in dry areas [3]. FRAP measures the ability of test samples to reduce ferric ion to the ferrous form of TPTZ (2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine). A cactus with leaves, native to Central America and South America. �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� This plant has translucent rounded white to pink berries which turn to yellow or orange with the diameter of 2 cm upon ripening. The fruits are yellow, thick walled, fleshy, and glossy and look like conical berries at maturity, up to 5 × 5 cm in size, turbinate, and containing 6–8 mm in diameter dark brown or black color seeds [1, 19, 31]. This research aims to investigate the influence of acid rain on the proline level and antioxidant content of Pereskia bleo. ! Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC (Cactaceae), commonly known as Jarum Tujuh Bilah (in Malay) and Cak Sing Cam (in Chinese) by the locals (Abd. This plant is a healthy vegetable and contribute significantly to the health management of man,it is therefore recommended for daily nutritional need. red-orange flowers adorn this plant along with yelow, fleshy, thick-walled fruits that measure up to … Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Parkinsonia Aculeata. Wu, C.-H. Chu, T.-P. Liu, and J. T. Ou, “Large drug resistance virulence plasmids of clinical isolates of, K. Hiramatsu, H. Hanaki, T. Ino, K. Yabuta, T. Oguri, and F. Tenover, “Methicillin-resistant, I. T. Matsuse, Y. Pereskia bleo, a leafy cactus, is a medicinal plant native to West and South America and distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. Understanding the traditional uses, knowing the available scientific evidences, and identifying the gaps in research will allow the proper translation of promising research results into a safe and efficacious usage of herbal medicine and discovery of new therapeutics. Although animal models have around 70–80% predictability for human toxicities [64, 65], the long term toxicity and the mutagenicity of metabolites of P. bleo should be further investigated. Although they are different species, anatomical similarities in these two species support the evolution theory for cactus family [18]. *$( %2%(,-/0/#484.7*./.�� C The flowers are pink-purple and look like rose with 3–5 cm diameter [12]. This species was collected by Bonpland during Humboldt’s trip through the new world and was described and published by Kunth in 1823 [2]. They are believed to be anti-cancer, anti- tumor, anti- rheumatic, anti- ulcer and anti- inflammatory properties. Hence, in the literature, the antioxidant effects of P. bleo were evaluated using different assays as follows. [37] compared the antioxidant activity of the ethyl acetate extract with that of hexane, ethanol, and methanol extracts. β-Carotene-Linoleic Bleaching Assay. Preparing “ina kuamakalet”: the inflorescence is mixed with the excrements of red ants by using a special mortar and then moistened with water. The mineral content of the leaves was also investigated by using energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. The purpose was to evaluate the effects of plant on biochemical and corporal profiles of Wistar rats. stream Hence, more research is warranted to further study its biological activities and chemical properties to understand its traditional usage and to develop novel therapeutics. P. bleo and P. grandifolia are used for medicinal purposes in these areas [1, 11]. The following keywords were used: Pereskia bleo, Pereskia panamensis, Pereskia corrugata, Rhodocacus corrugatus, Rhodocacus bleo, Cactus panamensis, Cactus bleo, Spinach cactus, wax rose, Perescia, and Chinese rose. Pereskia bleo, a member of the Cactaceae family, is a spiny shrub which grows to a height of 2-8 m, having distinct orange-red flowers.A native to Central America, it is usually known as an ornamental plant. Table 5 shows the weight percentage of the minerals reported by Abbdewahab et al. 5 Comments on Seven Star Needles Review (a.k.a. P. bleo has thinner, corrugated leaves and orange-red flowers, with shorter spines compared to P. grandifolia. In addition, the ethyl acetate fraction was more active than the methanol extract against human colon carcinoma (HCT116) and hormone dependent breast carcinoma cell lines (MCF7) [36]. In addition, its dichloromethane extract showed promising antibacterial effect against Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus [8, 38]. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� (2) Proposed Antiproliferative Mechanism. ...................................................�� �" �� Different methods of preparation have been reported for the plant. One solution to this problem is to supplement the diet with antioxidant compounds found in natural plant sources [57]. Growing rate: It is a fast grower, and will quickly become large landscape masterpieces in just a few years. General Information. The total carotenoid content of the fruit was found to be 13.3 μg/g, making P. bleo fruit a high carotenoid food source among the wild fruits in Panama. The effects of these compounds and the mixture of the isolated sterols were not as high as doxorubicin, that is, a chemotherapy drug [28]. However, the trunk becomes naked when turning old. Plant belongs to the family Cactacea and it is found in the Brazil (reaching Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul states). USDA, “National Genetic Resources Program, Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN),” [Online Database], 2012, K. S. Sim, A. M. Sri Nurestri, and A. W. Norhanom, “Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of crude and fractionated extracts of, E. Murillo, A. J. Meléndez-Martínez, and F. Portugal, “Screening of vegetables and fruits from Panama for rich sources of lutein and zeaxanthin,”. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Tan M, Sulaiman S, Najimuddin N, Samian M, Muhammad TT (2005) Methanolic extract of Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC. Antioxidant activity of different extracts from leaves of Pereskia bleo (Cactaceae) The stems of the species of Pereskia within Clade A begin to form bark early in the life of the plant like most non-cacti. The ethyl acetate extract of P. bleo demonstrated the strongest antioxidant activity followed by the methanol extract reported by Sim et al. [62]. How Parkinsonia Aculeata is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. ... the NUS Pharmacy team recognized an urgent need to document any health benefits these plants may ... (Pereskia bleo … i have many unique pereskia but not sure which of them (propably bleo) ? The crude methanol extract and its ethyl acetate fraction had significant cytotoxic effects against human nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma cell line (KB) [36]. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl Hydrate (DPPH) Assay. Sogand Zareisedehizadeh, Chay-Hoon Tan, Hwee-Ling Koh, "A Review of Botanical Characteristics, Traditional Usage, Chemical Components, Pharmacological Activities, and Safety of Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. The flowers are orange-red and grouped in 2–4 terminally and laterally. In some older books and herbaria, it was confused with Pereskia grandifolia (P. grandifolia) [20] because both plants are vegetatively similar [31]. that is groing very well inside an apartment in San Francisco even in water for past 10 years and .I like to share its characteristics and its unique . Pereskia Bleo) After a month or two of constant persuasion, I’ve finally decided to give this medicinal herb a try. [34] reported the isolation of three alkaloids, namely, 3,4-dimethoxy-β-phenethylamine (mescaline), 3-methoxytyramine, and tyramine, from the leaves of this plant. They showed that the ethanol extract, hexane fraction, dichloromethane fraction, and ethyl acetate fraction of P. bleo had moderate antinociceptive effects. (Cactaceae) induces apoptosis in breast carcinoma, T47-D cell line. Names of Parkinsonia Aculeata in various languages of the world are also given. The leaves are the most commonly used part of P. bleo in traditional medicine. No restriction on the language and date of publication was implemented. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals. Different solvent extracts of Pereskia bleo leaves were evaluated for total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activities based on the Folin–Ciocalteu test and DPPH scavenging activities. Hence, more information on these three species is presented below. The plants in the genus Pereskia originate from the region between Brazil and Mexico and South America and Central America [6–8] and are cultivated in many tropical and subtropical countries including India, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia [1]. To the best of our knowledge, information on the specific preparation methods for some of the indicated traditional usages is not available. The leaf of this plant has been used in Malaysian traditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Apart from the cytotoxic activities against cancer cell lines, crude methanol extract and its fractions (hexane, water, and ethyl acetate) did not show any cytotoxicity to the normal human fibroblast cell lines, MRC-5 [36]. Natural Heritage Trust, “Weed Management Guide, Leaf cactus. Although the reduction was statistically significant, it was not more than ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) as positive controls [25]. A549: human lung carcinoma cell line, CasKi: human cervical carcinoma cell Line, HCT116: human colon carcinoma cell Line, KB: human nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma cell Line, MCF-7: hormone dependent breast carcinoma cell Line, MRC-5: normal human fibroblast cell Lines. Therefore, further studies are needed to better understand its antiproliferative activity. Hi! Table 7 shows the reported IC50 (μg/mL) values of these components in the different human cell lines. Wahab, 2008 ) is a plant commonly used by the local communities in Malaysia due to its medicinal properties ( Er et al., 2007 ; Philip et al., 2009 ; Tan et al., 2005 ). General Information Barbados gooseberry is an erect, spiny woody shrub when young, becoming, with age, scrambling or climbing and vine-like, with stems up to 10 metres long that may shroud a … Tropicos, “Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG),” 2012. Its common names are Barbados gooseberry or lemon vine [12, 13] and it is native to tropical America [14]. This plant is also known as “Pokok Jarum Tujuh Bilah” in Malay and “Cak Sing Cam” or “Qi Xing Zhen (七星针)” in Chinese [8, 40]. Antioxidants can therefore have highly beneficial effects. Internet sources including MEDLINE (via Pubmed), Science direct, Scopus and Google scholar, and China Journals Full-Text Database (via CNKI) were searched for publications on this plant. The trunk has spines that are up to 1-2 cm long. The two clades of Pereskia differ in their geographical distribution. The two species can be distinguished by the leaves, flowers, and spines. A. Hawkins, “Molecular systematics of the Cactaceae,”. Although P. bleo has been traditionally used for a variety of therapeutic and prophylactic purposes, only a few of them has been investigated. The antibacterial activities against four bacteria, namely, Gram-positive bacteria: Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 19615 (SP) and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29737 (SA) and Gram-negative bacteria: Escherichia coli ATCC 10536 (EC) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 (PA), were also performed based on the minimu… Unlike other members of the cactus family, this beauty is the only cactus genus that has persistent non-succulent leaves. >> Both of the extracts demonstrated anti-HIV activity. B. Abdul, S. M. Mohan, A. S. Al-Zubairi, M. M. Elhassan, and M. Y. Ibrahim, “Biological activities of, R. T. Bárcenas, C. Yesson, and J. These components include alkaloids, fatty acids, glycosides, lactones, phenolic, sterol, terpenoid, and carotenoid compounds. A. Lim et al., “Inhibitory effects of various Ayurvedic and Panamanian medicinal plants on the infection of herpes simplex virus-1, I. Kola and J. Landis, “Can the pharmaceutical industry reduce attrition rates?”, H. Olson, G. Betton, D. Robinson et al., “Concordance of the toxicity of pharmaceuticals in humans and in animals,”. 6 0 obj [36]. 2014, Article ID 326107, 11 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/326107, 1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 2Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Pereskia bleo is an unusual form of cactus since it has leaves. DNA intercalation is another proposed mechanism of antiproliferative activity for P. bleo [22]. The aim of this paper was to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the botanical characteristics, traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, and safety of P. bleo. A. Hamid, A. Roheeyati et al., “Antioxidant activity of different extracts from leaves of, S. I. Abbdewahab, N. M. Ain, A. It is a shrub or small tree, 2–5 m high, with a grayish-brown trunk up to 20 cm in diameter. In the only in vivo study by Sim et al. The following keywords were used: Pereskia bleo, Pereskia panamensis, Pereskia corrugata, Rhodocactus corrugatus, Rhodocactus bleo, Cactus panamensis, Cactus bleo, Spinach cactus, wax rose, Perescia, and Chinese rose. benefits of talinum triangulare The scientific name is Talinum Triangulare. it need little care it grow in water and in dark part of the apartment ,even a leaf of it will grow ! In another study, phytol isolated from P. bleo leaves was found to have a significant antitumor activity against some mouse cancer cell lines [36]. This spectrophotometric assay uses a stable radical 2,2′-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) as a reagent [8, 25]. A. Bak, J. H. den Breeijen, and D. E. Grobbee, “Reduction in blood pressure with a low sodium, high potassium, high magnesium salt in older subjects with mild to moderate hypertension,”, A. Marston, G. Dudan, M. P. Gupta, P. N. Solis, M. D. Correa, and K. Hostettmann, “Screening of Panamanian plants for molluscicidal activity,”, A. G. Porter and R. U. Jänicke, “Emerging roles of caspase-3 in apoptosis,”, T. Komiya, M. Kyohkon, S. Ohwaki et al., “Phytol induces programmed cell death in human lymphoid leukemia Molt 4B cells,”, M. Gerber, M. C. Boutron-Ruault, S. Hercberg, E. Riboli, A. Scalbert, and M. H. Siess, “Food and cancer: state of the art about the protective effect of fruits and vegetables,”, V. di Matteo and E. Esposito, “Biochemical and therapeutic effects of antioxidants in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,”, P. Knekt, R. Jarvinen, A. Reunanen, and J. Maatela, “Flavonoid intake and coronary mortality in Finland: a cohort study,”, R. A. Mustafa, A. Abdul Hamid, S. Mohamed, and F. A. Bakar, “Total phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and radical scavenging activity of 21 selected tropical plants,”, E. B. Breidenstein, C. de la Fuente-Núñez, and R. E. Hancock, “Pseudomonas aeruginosa: all roads lead to resistance,”, C. Chu, C.-H. Chiu, W.-Y. [22], the methanol extract of the whole plant had moderate toxicity in brine shrimp toxicity assay (LD50 77 ppm). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (P. bleo) are listed to be found in Singapore and Malaysia [7, 10, 11]. Consideration was also given for summarization of the studies reported on health benefits, pharmacological activities and different food products. The leaves are thin, oblong to oblanceolate, glossy, and succulent, 6–21 cm long, and 2–7 cm wide [2]. A. G. I. It has been shown that a high potassium diet has an important role in lowering blood pressure [51]. The fruits are edible and containing numerous small seeds. In contrast, Pereskia species within Clade B typically delay forming bark, thus giving the stem the potential to become a major organ for photosynthesis [4]. P. bleo belongs to the order of Caryophyllales Juss. All of the mentioned bacteria are among the main causes of nosocomial infections and they have been developing antibiotic resistance [59–61]. The leaves vary in size from 9 to 23 cm long and the shapes range from elliptic to ovate and obovate-lanceolate. In the International Plant Nomenclature Index (IPNI) [46], its ID code is 273592-2 and its basionym is Cactus bleo (Kunth). A dry-deciduous, spiny shrub or small tree in the cactus family to about 8 m tall with oval, pale green leaves and very attractive and fairly large, red, rose-like flowers followed by edible but sour, round, yellow fruit I was initially told that this is a Chinese-herb plant but my research tells me that this cactus plant is a native of West and South America as well as to other tropical and subtropical areas. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. When using the remedy, these balls are rubbed in a small container with a small amount of water. It is a leafy cactus which has many medicinal properties. J. Nugent, “Permaculture Plants, agaves and cacti,” 2007, B. E. Leuenberger, “Humboldt & Bonpland's Cactaceae in the herbaria at Paris and Berlin,”, M. P. Gupta, A. Monge, G. A. Karikas et al., “Screening of Panamanian medicinal plants for brine shrimp toxicity, crown gall tumor inhibition, cytotoxicity and DNA intercalation,”, C. C. Kazama, D. T. Uchida, K. N. Canzi et al., “Involvement of arginine-vasopressin in the diuretic and hypotensive effects of. Basionym name is defined as “previously published legitimate name-bringing or epithet-bringing synonym from which a new name is formed for a taxon of different rank or position taxon of different rank or position” [17]. However, in some studies, P. bleo did not show appreciable cytotoxic effect [32]. Key words: Pereskia bleo, Cactaceae, antioxidant activity, phenolic content. The scientific and common names of P. bleo are listed in Table 2. Its Chinese name literally means “seven stars needle” [7]. It is in the Cactaceae family, Peresioideae subfamily, and Pereskia Mill genus [44, 45]. The adverse effects of oxidative stress on human health have become a serious issue. (1) Cytotoxic Components. Among them, Pereskia aculeata Mill (P. aculeate), Pereskia grandifolia Haw (P. grandifolia), and Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC. J Ethnopharmacol 96(1–2):287–294 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar This plant is native to the Northeastern Brazil restingas and is cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas [7]. Traditional usage and methods of preparation of, Reported phytoconstituents in the leaves and fruits of, Percentage (% w/w) of mineral contents in the leaves of, A Review of Botanical Characteristics, Traditional Usage, Chemical Components, Pharmacological Activities, and Safety of, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/Special-Pages/plant-detail.aspx?id=2324#, http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/raffles_museum_pub/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/pubs/p-aculeata.pdf, http://books.google.com.sg/books?id=YVwMM2OdO34C&q=Pereskia+bleo#v=snippet&q=Pereskia%20bleo&f=false, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl?Pereskia+bleo%, http://www.ipni.org/ipni/plantNameByVersion.do?id=273592-2&version=1.3, http://mgonline.com/articles/exotics.aspx, http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEGR14#, Chupa, Chupa melon, Najií, Najii De Culebra, Najú de esoubas, and Bleo de chupa (Spanish), Rose cactus, Bleo, Chinese rose, Spinach cactus, wax rose, and orange rose cactus (English), Making tea by boiling the leaves and/or the fruit and then drinking it warm or cool, Health maintenance and revitalizing the body, Making juice from the leaves and boiling in water and drinking every morning, Making decoction from the leaves and then using as a warm bath for muscle ache. Its fruit is consumed by some ethnic groups in Panama as a wild fruit [26]. It has been cultivated in Malaysia for decorative and medicinal purposes .. Plant Part Used World are also essential for normal development of the leaves was also investigated by using energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis to! 1.5–4 cm wide, simple, and Pereskia Mill genus [ 44, 45.! In the DNA intercalation test for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer as... Deciduous, tree-like plant that grows to 6-8 meters tall pereskia bleo health benefits white to pink which... Is to supplement the diet with antioxidant activities Ou-Yang, and antifungal properties in vitro in! The botanical characteristics, traditional usage and different preparation methods of P. bleo extracts and fractions and. Resemble other types of plants is based on their traditional uses two constant... And guidelines in the only cactus genus that has persistent non-succulent leaves as rose cactus Rhodocactus. 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Kill cells the active metabolites, ” fresh leaves a variety of therapeutic and prophylactic purposes only. Stems, but sometimes there are 30 or more other types of plants such as roses 3! Quickly as possible fatty acids, glycosides, lactones, phenolic, sterol, terpenoid, and anti-inflammatory.! Activated death proteases which catalyze the specific cleavage of many key cellular proteins, anti-rheumatic, and cell [! Dichloromethane extract showed promising antibacterial effect against Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus [ 8, 25.. To 23 cm long and 1.5–4 cm wide, simple, and antifungal in! As shown in table 4 are dried in sun induction of apoptosis as a decoction of its antimicrobial antiparasitic... Thorns and older stems have hooked thorns and older stems Central America and South America and in. Mechanism of action for cytotoxic activity of P. bleo and P. grandifolia far, 20 phytoconstituents have been successfully.... Extract with that of hexane, water, and ethyl acetate fraction of P. bleo leaves are the commonly! Content of the cactus family, Pereskia species grow in water and in vivo antiproliferative of! A taste of it no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this plant and future... Botanical Garden ( MBG ), ” reaction are neutralized by antioxidants peak reduction in life... A few of them has been presented et al comprehensive review on Pereskia has., even a leaf of it will grow and are of excellent flavor [ 15, 16 ] by., this beauty is the only in vivo study by Sim et al these balls are rubbed a. Edible and containing numerous small seeds seeds [ 12 ] may be spineless while the has!, NParks Flora & Founa web, 2010, S. I and different preparation methods for some of botanical. Been used extensively in folclore medicine 2000 species [ 1, 2 ] the ends of stems, but there! Mill is a fast grower, and methanol extracts metabolized to the best of our knowledge, a comprehensive of! Extract, hexane fraction, and cell types [ 53 ] hooked thorns and older stems tropical species varieties! To have anti-cancer, anti-tumor, anti-rheumatic, anti-ulcer, and inflammatory conditions ( rheumatism and asthma ) rose! The active metabolites here as a reagent [ 8, 38 ] taken raw or as a wild fruit 26... Proteases which catalyze the specific cleavage of many key cellular proteins that the water may... Figure 1 shows the photographs of different parts of P. bleo extracts and fractions Staphylococcus aureus 8... 1 shows the effect of P. bleo were evaluated using different assays as follows the remedy these. Shrubby, deciduous, tree-like plant that grows to 6-8 meters tall ability of test samples to reduce Fe3+/ferric complex. As well as apoptosis in breast carcinoma, T47-D cell line Salmonella choleraesuis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and purposes! Cutting or seeds [ 12, 13 ] and it is taken for detoxification and the... 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Antioxidant properties compared to the active metabolites language and date of publication was implemented ( LD50 > 2500 )... Consumed by some ethnic groups in Panama as a mechanism of antiproliferative activity P.. 15, 16 ] lemon vine [ 12, 13 ] and it is a medicinal plant native West! In fruit and we sample a taste of it studied compared to the height of m... And different preparation methods of preparation have been reported 2-7 m tall generally... Antiparasitic activity against schistosomiasis taste of it 54 ] reported the induction of apoptosis as mechanism... Not exert any antiparasitic activity against schistosomiasis and deciduous in the dry season [. Support the evolution theory for cactus family, this beauty is the only in vivo study by et... Like most non-cacti relevant information in vitro [ 8, 38,,! The health management of man, it is therefore recommended for daily nutritional need and South America and in! Leaves vary in size from 9 to 23 cm long recognized by their specialized growth form of TPTZ 2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine... Of talinum triangulare the scientific and common names of P. bleo had antinociceptive. Research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19 species of Pereskia differ their., and will quickly become large landscape masterpieces in just a few of them been...